Who Is the Lord
That I Should Obey?
Even those with little or no understanding of who God is,
recognize this man's name. He has left his mark on history and on religion as
probably no other person who ever lived, except for Jesus, Himself. Every
Jewish child and every Christian child who has any contact with God's word
knows his name. His name is Moses, and he is the living legend God is using to
speak to us at the moment. But it did not all begin well, did it?
We have looked at his strange
beginnings, his affluent childhood, his dismal failure in his first attempt to
deliver his people, his escape to Midian, his forty long years in no-man's-land
and in the last lesson, at his miraculous call at the burning bush. It was at
that burning bush that we saw God get his attention, speak his name,
"Moses, Moses," and there Moses responded, "Here am I,
Lord." God advised him to take off his shoes because he was standing in
the presence of God, on holy ground.
There God spoke gently to Moses and
revealed that He both knew and cared about the afflictions of His children in
Egypt, and there our loving God outlined His plan for deliverance. Moses seemed
awed, inspired and encouraged until God said, "Moses, there is My plan;
you are My man." It isn't difficult to get inspired, even choked up over
God's eternal plan of the ages to deliver His children. The problem comes when
God fills in the blanks with our name and tells us to go, because
we are a part of the solution. It is at that point that we identify with Moses'
five arguments with God. These five arguments were:
1- "Lord, Who am I that I
"You are not going, We are going. Now, let's get going."
2- Moses responded, "Well,
who are You in case they ask?" God answered, "I AM the
eternal I AM. Go tell them I AM sent you. They will respond, I promise."
3- But Moses reacts with, "They
still might not listen. How about a sign, Lord?" God
graciously responded with three signs. He turned the rod into a snake, then
into a rod again. He turned Moses' hand to that of a leper, then made it whole
again. If He needed to, He promised, He would even take water from the Nile and
turn it into blood. Then He turns to Moses and says, "Now go!"
4- Moses bounced back like a yo-yo with
this argument: "But, Lord, I am not eloquent." God
replied, "Who made your mouth, Moses? You go, I will give you the words to
5- Then came our hero's final noble,
cry, "No, Lord, send someone else."
It was at this point that God got angry with Moses
and unveiled His alternate plan. First, enter Aaron, Moses' new PA system. The
plan goes on, with or without Moses. God was going to deliver His people.
Still, His first string quarterback, Moses, our tongue-tied Tarzan, would be
the reluctant deliverer. To whatever degree he would let God use him; God was
going to use him. No more, no less. But though he had humility confused with
uselessness, God still had time to teach him what quiet availability was all
about. This is because a reluctant, self-conscious stutterer is still better
raw material to God than the wild-eyed Wonder Boy of forty years ago. The man
who confuses humility with worthlessness can still be taught how to lead, but
the man who mistakes usability with importance takes a lot of chipping away to
get him back down to size.
So Moses had his marching orders. The
wonderful plan of God makes its entrance into the pages of history. The people
of God are afflicted. The man of God is selected. The plan of God is injected
into the bloodstream of a dying world. It was an injection that was but a
prelude to the ultimate cure, the transfusion of eternity through the blood of
Jesus Christ yet to come. This lesson will show that while God's plans are perfect,
His clock runs to a different beat than ours. As we learned a few weeks ago, to
God, the process itself is as vital as the end. So we see develop in this
passage, a series of circumstances. This lesson is entitled, "Who Is
the Lord, That I Should Obey?" We will cover Exodus 4:19- 6:9. The
outline looks like this:
I. The Response of Zipporah To God's
Demands (Exodus 4:19-26)
II. The Response of the People To God's
Promise (Exodus 4:27-31)
III. The Response of Pharaoh (Exodus
IV. The Response of the People to God's
Delay (Exodus 5:20-21)
V. The Response of Moses To God's Test
VI. The Response of God to Moses
VII. The Response of the People to
God's Encouragement (Exodus 6:9)
will first look at circumstance number one. It involves obedience and
circumcision. Our most notable response comes from Moses' beloved wife,
Zipporah. We take up where we left off in Exodus 4:19. As we concluded verse 18
18 Jethro said to Moses, "Go in
19 Now the LORD said to Moses in
Midian, "Go back to Egypt, for all the men who were seeking your life are
20 So Moses took his wife and his sons
and mounted them on a donkey, in order to return to the land of Egypt. Moses
also took the staff of God in his hand.
21 And the LORD said to Moses,
"When you get back to Egypt, you perform before Pharaoh all the wonders I
have put in your power; but I will harden his heart so that he will not let My
22 "Then you say to Pharaoh, 'Thus
says the LORD, Israel is My son, My first-born'.
23 "So I said to you, 'Let My son
go,' but you have refused to. Behold, I will kill your son, your
24 Now it came about at the lodging
place along the way that the LORD met him and sought to put him to death.
25 Then Zipporah took a flint and cut
off her son's foreskin and threw it at Moses' feet and said, "You are a
bridegroom of blood to me."
26 So God let him alone and she said
that because of the circumcision.
So they are ready to leave. God has
given Moses last minute instructions. Moses packs his belongings and crowds his
family into the world's first Volkswagen. I say that because the Bible tells us
that he mounted them all on one donkey. Verse 24 tells us that they stopped at
an inn somewhere along the way. A near tragedy occurred there. God appeared in
some form, we don't know how, maybe an angel with a sword drawn, but the issue
at stake was something simple. The issue was Moses' continued ability to
breath. You might call it a matter of life and death. The underlying issue was
Moses' disobedience to the matter of circumcision.
Back in Genesis 17:14, God had made a
specific sentence of death on anyone who neglected to obey the command of
circumcision. Of course, in the case of children, the judgment fell upon the
parents, first of all, always on the father. Now Moses, apparently out of
deference to his Midianite wife, who we can see from this passage was repulsed
by this idea, had neglected to obey where Eliezar was concerned. Here God
arrests him, stops him and says, "I must slay you." Was God being
unreasonable? It would seem so to the natural mind. But the answer would have
to be scripturally, definitely not. There were at least four reasons God had
act. These reasons were:
1- Circumcision was a sign of God's
covenant with His people.
It was the expression of the renunciation of confidence in the flesh. It
was, as it was with all of God's principles of life, as much as what it stood
for as the act of obedience itself. God had to act.
2- Subsequently, it was a stated law
with specific consequences.
God had already pronounced the sentence years before and if He ignored it now,
it would make His Word of no effect. God had to keep His Word.
3- Moses was to be God's leader. Leadership involved example. God does
require more implicit obedience and more intense accountability from those who
shepherd the flock, the flock of the church and the flock of the family. If
Moses didn't have to obey such a critical command, how could he demand such
obedience from his followers?
4- This was a time of great crisis. The whole of history would hinge on
the events that were about to unfold. Throughout all of history when God's
people stand on the threshold of battle, God turns the mirror of His commandments
back into their face and says, "Take inventory." To march into the
battle, the encumbrances, the weights, the besetting sins must go.
This was such a time in history. Today
is such a time in history. Even now the church of the Lord Jesus Christ is
receiving its orders from God's selective service board. Such orders carry with
them an entrance exam, an inventory, and a call to get right, so that we can
get ready. Moses apparently was rendered helpless, so Zipporah grudgingly
complies in what seems to be an act of outer obedience, but inward bitterness.
At any rate, Moses sends Zipporah and the boys back to Dad. They were to remain
there until Israel arrived at Sinai. Moses proceeds toward Egypt alone. As
Moses proceeds, he meets his long lost brother. Genesis 4:
27 Now the LORD said to Aaron, "Go
meet Moses in the wilderness," so he went and met him at the mountain of
God and they embraced.
28 And Moses told Aaron all the words
of the LORD that He had sent him and all the signs He commanded him to do.
29 Then Moses and Aaron went and
assembled all the elders of the sons of Israel;
30 and Aaron spoke the words the LORD
had spoken to Moses and performed the signs in the sight of the people.
Here we have instant fellowship between
two brothers who had been separated for nearly 80 years, raised in two
different cultures. But, they were brothers still, brothers by birth and
brothers by the common calling they had in God. Thus it was a grand time of
reunion. Moses' first job was to bring Aaron up to date and tell him everything
God had said and done. Then they arrived in Egypt and called all of the elders
of Israel together. You might call it a Freedom Rally. Aaron did the preaching.
Moses, you remember, was tongue-tied. Either Aaron or Moses, which one the
passage doesn't tell us, demonstrated God's wonders. You remember the snake and
stick routine along with Jehovah's instant cure for leprosy. Both go back to
Exodus 3, and were for one reason. God told Moses, "These miracles are
that they might believe." Let's go back now to Exodus 4:
31 So the people believed; and when
they heard that the LORD was concerned about the sons of Israel and that He had
seen their affliction, they bowed and worshipped.
Here we have the first step of real belief.
When they heard that the LORD was concerned, they bowed and worshipped. Now you
file that in your memory for future reference. They heard God promise to
deliver them and saw God perform miracles. On the basis of what God could
do for them, they believed. It was a very shallow kind of belief, as we
shall see in a few minutes. It was a belief that was based on what God can to
for me rather than who God is. It tends to shatter beneath the blows of life,
but it was all they needed at this stage of the battle and it was all God had
to work with.
On the surface, here is what we have: a
mighty God, a shaky leader and a people with only surface allegiance, ready to
take on one of the world's mightiest empires. It doesn't sound like a good
match does it? It does sound to me like God's typical army. The key is the
power of God. Now begins chapter 5 of Exodus and a whole new chapter in the
life of Moses. He must actually come face to face with Pharaoh.
1 And afterwards Moses and Aaron came
and said to Pharaoh, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, 'Let My
people go that they may celebrate a feast to Me in the wilderness.' "
2 But Pharaoh said, "Who is the
LORD that I should obey His voice that I should let Israel go? I do not know
the LORD, and besides, I will not let Israel go."
Underline Pharaoh's response in verse
two. Now we don't know for sure, but it is probably safe to assume that Moses,
God's reluctant errand boy, was shaking all over about this time. You can just
hear him say, "Aaron, my brother, you can just go on without me. I have a
headache. I hate to miss the fun, Aaron, but I will just rest up here at the
Cairo Hilton for a few months, you just keep me informed." But scared or
not, Moses and Aaron were ushered into the presence of the courts of the king.
There they were to see pure elegance and awesome respect surrounding the
throne. Surely Moses' mind must have raced back to his childhood, his years as
the son of Pharaoh's daughter, to his crucial decision forty years before,
choosing rather to suffer affliction with the children of God than to enjoy the
pleasures of sin for a season. He esteemed the reproach of Christ as greater
riches than all of those in Egypt. All that stood before him could have been
his, but he had chosen the better way.
Now Moses and his brother stood before
the king and his subjects. They quoted the Word of God, "Thus sayeth the
LORD," Aaron said and he seemed to say it with authority, "let My
people go." Pharaoh's answer must be one of the most honest in all of
history. He answers them with a question. He says, "Who is the Lord
that I should obey Him?" Then he makes this profound observation, "I
do not know the Lord, so I won't let Israel go"
Who is the Lord that I should obey, I
don't know the Lord. This is the response of a hostile world rebelling against
being Christianized without knowing Christ.
So often a man or woman will come to
you and weep before you with a broken heart for an unbelieving friend who has a
broken marriage, a shattered job, wrecked finances or an immoral habit out of
control. They have tried to communicate to that non-Christian about God's
perspective of marriage and submission and principles of financial freedom.
They have talked about God's concept of moral bondage. They look into
semi-glazed eyes and see no light at all. They just can't understand.
"They just don't listen," they complain. Of course not. What does the
Scripture say? 1 Corinthians 2:
11 For what man knoweth the things of a
man, save the spirit of a man which is within him? Even so, the things of God
knoweth no man but the Spirit of God.
12 Now we have received not the spirit
of the world, but the Spirit of which is of God that we might know the things
freely given to us of God,
13 Which things also we speak, but not
in words which man's wisdom teaches, but which the Holy Ghost teaches,
comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
14 But the natural man receiveth not
the things of the Spirit of God, they are foolishness unto him, neither can he
know them, for they are spiritually discerned.
16 For who hath known the mind of the
Lord that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.
Now let's take a look at a
cross-section of the minds of three people. The first is an unbeliever with a
natural mind, the second, an immature Christian who has the mind of Christ, but
has not been given the chance to grow (or has not taken advantage of it) and a
more mature Christian who has the mind of Christ in control of much of his
life. Let's imagine that these same three people work where you do. They are
all having trouble with their marriages, and you sit down with each one of them
to explain God's perspective of marriage.
You tell them that marriage is a
portrait of the relationship between Christ and his bride, the church. Then you
tell them how God intends it to be a permanent relationship, evidence of the
security of the believer. You tell them how the husband is to love the wife as
Christ loved the church and gave Himself for it. You tell them how he is to
give up his rights, turn the other cheek and go the second mile. Let's imagine
that your performance is a combination of Billy Graham, John McArthur and Chuck
Swindoll all rolled into one. You are so impressed with what you said that you
are ready to go home and make your own marriage even better. It was great.
There is just one problem. Chances are
that you will get three responses from these three guys. Guy number three, Max
Mature gets both convicted and excited. He knows that it is God's way and he
just needed encouragement in applying it to his own marriage. The Holy Spirit
touches his heart and chances are good that he will follow-up and God will
honor His word.
Guy number two, Craig Carnal isn't so
moved. He knows that it sounds right and he has heard it before, but what about
his rights? Isn't this carrying that Christian bit too far? What
about his wife, Susie Spiritual? She is not perfect, you know. He vacillates
with one ear to the Word and one ear to the world. He may come around, but it
will probably take time.
Guy number one, Andy Unbeliever makes
the church scene now and then. He considers himself a Christian because he
lives in America. He considers himself a pretty good Christian because he has
never been to jail. First of all he doesn't even understand the terms you use.
What do you mean by the "bride of Christ"? He didn't even know that
Jesus was married. What do you mean "give up your rights"? What do
you mean "eternal security"? If you are going to give him counsel,
what not talk in English? Then secondly, he cannot relate to the principles you
shared. Marriage is a give and take thing you know. Why should he give while she
takes? Then thirdly, he doesn't have the capacity to do these things even if he
tried. So the best you can do is frustrate him. How can he love his wife as
Christ loved the church if the love of God doesn't dwell in him? You say,
"Thus saith the Lord," He answers in one way or another, "Who
is the Lord, that I should obey? I don't know the Lord."
That passage we read in 1 Corinthians
says that the unbeliever can't receive spiritual truth because he doesn't even
understand it. He can't understand it because it is de-coded and applied by the
Holy Spirit and he doesn't have the Holy Spirit, not yet anyway.
The other illustration so often used is
the radio illustration. Suppose you have an AM radio in your car. You hear
about this neat FM station. You get in your car and you twist the dial until it
breaks off in your hand, but you can't get the FM station. Why? Is it not being
broadcast? Sure, the airwaves are full of the signals. You can slip your hand
out the window, grab a fistful of air and slam it against the dash and say,
"FM!" But nothing happens. Why? There is no receiver and no capacity
to translate those kinds of signals into sound. But, you buy an FM adapter that
plugs into your radio and right away through the same speaker you've got it.
What did you do? You converted it.
My friend, Pharaoh's problem is an old
one. He didn't know the Lord. He knew about Him. He knew about
His people. But he didn't know the Lord. He had never personally been plugged
into God and been converted. Nicodemus had the same problem. "How can I
get the benefits of the Kingdom?" he asked, "What do I do to inherit
eternal life?" Jesus answered, "You must be born again. You must
receive the Holy Spirit, then you can be spiritual and do spiritual things."
The problem is that we want to Christianize men and God wants to convert them.
We want them to live the Christian life. God wants them to have
the Christian life by having Christ.
You may be one of those who has been
struggling and frustrated, trying to live like a Christian when in effect you
have never become one. That is like trying to race in the Indy 500 with no
wheels. You can make a lot of noise, but you are not going anywhere. Pharaoh's
question was a good one. "Who is the Lord? Why obey somebody I don't know?
I couldn't if I wanted to." The answer is to meet Him, to acknowledge the
need of Him. The answer is to receive Him into your life once and for all. He
will convert you. He will give you a whole new receiver. He will give you a new
antenna with the capacity to take those garbled signals from the airwaves and
turn them into beautiful music and understandable concepts. If you don't have
Christ in your heart, you can ask Him in right now. Take a moment and ask God
to convert you and take the receiver of His Spirit and place it into your life
so that you can have His signal forever. You may pray something like this:
Dear Lord, I can't obey You. I don't know you. Right now
I acknowledge that I don't. I acknowledge that I am a sinner and am in need of
a Savior. I want Jesus Christ to come into my heart. Here He is now. Thank you
So Pharaoh knew not the Lord, and thus
to obey the Word of the Lord made no sense to him. Instead, he was incensed
that he was asked to. The result was a bitter pill. Aaron and Moses responded
with these words. This is a paraphrase for the sake of time.
"Pharaoh, let us go. You will
avoid the judgment of God." Pharaoh
responded, "I think you guys are labor trouble makers. All you are
trying to do is strike for shorter hours and easier work. Now move along."
The same day, Pharaoh called in his foremen and give them new labor laws. The
first was to leave the Hebrew quotas as they were. They still had to make the
same number of bricks. The second was to not give them straw to make the
bricks. They had to gather their own straw with the same quota. In verse
nine, Pharaoh tells them to work so hard that they won't have time to think
about God. So in verse 10-14, the taskmasters execute Pharaoh's plan. As you
can expect, God's children were crushed. In verse 15, their leaders come with a
bargaining session to Pharaoh:
15 The foreman of the sons of Israel
came to Pharaoh and said, "Why are you doing this?
16 "There is no straw given to us,
yet you keep saying, 'Make bricks.' You are beating us; but it is your own
17 But Pharaoh answered, "You are
very lazy, that is why you are wanting to sacrifice to your Lord.
18 "You go to work. I will not
give you any more straw, but I will expect the same amount of bricks."
19 The foremen of the sons of Israel
could see that they were in trouble.
20 When they left Pharaoh's presence,
Moses and Aaron were waiting with open arms.
21 They said to them, "May the
Lord look upon you and judge you. You have made us smell in Pharaoh's sight. He
wants to put a sword in his hand to kill us."
Now there was the response of God's
people, they turned on God's leaders. They assumed that God was not going to
deliver them at all. It had all been a smoke screen, a mirage, a box of empty
promises as far as they were concerned. They had just gotten caught up in the
emotion of the hour. The miracles were impressive, the promises were
encouraging, but Moses and Aaron just didn't understand. How could they? They
weren't out there finding straw and making bricks while sarcastic Egyptians
yelled at them, "Where is your God now that you need Him?" The people
thought that Moses and Aaron had just made things worse with the spiritual
stuff they were telling them. Moses did what a good leader should do when the
people were rebelling, he went back to the Lord.
22 Then Moses returned to the LORD and
said, "O Lord, why hast Thou brought harm to Your people? Why did you ever
23 "Ever since I came to Pharaoh,
he has done harm to Your people. You have not delivered Your people at all."
Moses' perspective still had a long way
to go. But at least he was honest with God in asking why. In verse 23, he told
the Lord that he had done what the Lord had said, and things only got worse. In
verse 22, he told God that He brought His own people harm. "Why did you
send me?" he cried. The inference was "Why did You send me if You
weren't going to keep Your Word?" From Moses' perspective, he had obeyed
and then things got worse. From God's perspective, things were right on time.
If Moses had paid careful attention to the Word of God, he would have known it.
He didn't need to be surprised. Back in Midian, God had warned him that
Pharaoh's heart would be hardened at the mere mention of God. He told Moses
that it would take a series of catastrophes to break him. Moses was getting the
heat from the troops so he gave the heat to God. "Lord why?" he
asked. "We did what You said and things got worse, Lord why?" That is
an extremely popular complaint from people who are trying to obey, but are
unfamiliar with the ways of God.
They enter the ramp on the freeway of
deliverance and expect God to have them arrive overnight at the Promised Land
with the wind at their backs and the "Praise The Lord" banners waving
in the breeze, having arrived to live happily ever after in a world of
make-believe spirituality with cardboard Christians. But it doesn't happen.
That freeway is a dead end street that leads to Frustration Village through
Bitterness Road. If you start living life God's way, chances are that
circumstances may get worse. You may encounter new problems, new conflicts, new
God's way is the slow way. It is not an instant experience or a
perfected process. It takes time to change character. Usually it takes testing
and trouble. God will take you down the back road, the out of the way route,
down what looks like a dead end until by faith you drive through it. It may be
called death to self or death to a vision. He will take you past Two-Mile
Island where you have to yield the right of way and wait even as the Hebrews
You will need refueling from time to
time, and you will have to stop at a Supreme Filling Station. Don't worry, your
bill has been paid in full. You will drive through storms and learn to stop at
the road side park and rest along the way. You will pass over a bridge that is
under water so that His tow truck of love described in Jeremiah can pull you
through without even getting you wet, "They will not overflow you!"
He will take you through the deserts of
life and the only water you will have is the Water of Life. It may even be
through the deeper valley where few men ever go. But He will take you as well
up Mountaintop Drive and Miracle Ridge and will wind your way up Maturity Lane,
eventually into the Promised Land. He hasn't failed you. He will
deliver you. Daily, He will deliver you through the experiences of life, and
eventually He will deliver you into the eternity of eternities, but the
circumstances, the yielding, the resting, the refueling, the deserts, and the
rivers are all a part of the process.
When the children of Israel saw the
miracles and heard the promises, they joined the team. When they learned they
had to pay their dues, they screamed at the coach. The coach banged his head
against the locker and said, "Oh, Lord, why?" As usual, God patiently
answered our frustrated leader in chapter 6. Read verses 1-8 and take special
note of verses 6-8. Oh, the faithfulness of God. He knows His ways are higher
than ours. He knows how hard it is for us to understand. Again and again He
listens to us say, "Lord, why?" Again and again He says, "Because
I AM. I AM the LORD."
Have you ever wondered why God keeps
repeating the same things over and over again in scripture? It is because we
keep asking the same questions over and over. Have you ever had a yam sandwich?
Moses got an I AM sandwich in chapter 6:6-8 special delivery from God's
Delicatessen of Promises. It goes like this:
I AM the LORD. I will bring you out. I
will deliver you. I will redeem you. I will take you for My People. I will be
your God. I will bring you into the land. I will give you the land to possess
it. I AM the LORD.
God tells Moses to relax; that
everything is on schedule. The I AM is in perfect control. "Moses, I will
snatch you up and carry you as My prized personal possession. I will be
responsible for you. I will be available to you. I will give you the abundant
life you ask for. I will let you live in the sheer beauty of it. I AM the LORD,
Moses. If you fully understand that, you would never again ask Me, 'Why?' You
would never again accuse Me of leading you astray. Sure, things will get worse.
I am leading you out to lead you in. You didn't think Satan would roll over and
die, did you? We have a fight on our hands, Moses. But remember, the battle is
not yours, it is Mine," God tells Moses.
So Moses was refreshed and revived from
his contact with God. He returned to the people to explain the problem to them.
The problem was that he had been alone with God and changed his perspective.
They had been out making bricks and they were not in a good mood at all. Let's
9 So Moses spoke thus to the children
of Israel, but they wouldn't listen to Moses because they were despondent and
because they were in bondage.
The King James Version that they
hearkened not. They were in love with the God of deliverance, the God of
signs, the God of action, the God of circumstances, a God who prospers their
business, makes them healthy, gets rid of their enemies, waves a magic wand and
makes it all okay. God's man, however, progressively falls in love with a God
of silence, a God of delays, a God of deeper purposes, a God of slower ways.
Above all, God's man never doubts God's Word. He knows for certain that God
keeps His promises, always. He has never once failed. But he knows, as well,
that God may not use our road map. He probably won't slip us on the
freeway of instant circumstances and speed us home. If you decide to do it
God's way, it may get tougher for awhile. A lot of you know what I mean. It
doesn't mean God's Word has changed. It may simply mean that He wants to take
you the back way so that you can get to know Him.
That is the process of deliverance, getting
to know Him, the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His
sufferings. It involves being willing to become conformed to His death
in order to experience His life. Wouldn't you just want to take Moses and Aaron
and the children of Israel and shake them and jar them a little and say,
"Calm down. God is. God is in perfect control." Maybe we have missed
the point. Maybe we ought to say it to ourselves instead. Maybe we ought to end
this lesson by reminding ourselves quietly that God is and God isÊin
Dear Lord, forgive us. We're just like
Moses and the children of Israel. We want to get where you're taking us; we
just don't want to take your route to get there. Please forgive us. You alone
know the terrain. You alone know our hearts. You alone can take us where we
need to go. Dear God, we give ourselves to thee, this moment, once again. If we
need forty years in the desert, so be it. You are the Lord. We must
For Focus and Application
1- Reread Moses' five arguments with
God. Bring them into today's world. Ask yourself how and when and why you have
used the same arguments when God was dealing with you. Why do they seem so
ridiculous when Moses gives them and so "natural" when we do?
2- Describe God's anger with Moses.
What was the problem? Why does God get angry? How does God's anger differ from
ours? What was Moses saying to God when he refused to speak for God?
3- Why did God's anger reoccur in Exodus
4:24? What was Moses refusing to do? What was it saying to God?
4- Was Moses measured by a higher
standard than others with respect to his obedience? Why? What Scriptural basis
do you find for this? Can you find a modern-day parallel?
5- Are you surprised that Moses and
Aaron were immediately reconciled and had fellowship after 75 years of
6- What was the basis of their faith in
Exodus 4:31? Why does this kind of faith falter when the heat is on? Why didn't
God just write them off and raise up a new people? Can you liken this kind of
faith to today's Christian world?
7- Read Pharaoh's answer again in
Exodus 5:1-2. Why does this question sound so familiar to us?
8- Memorize I Corinthians 2:14.
9- Consider the issue discussed on
pages 8 and 9. There are three people you know who need marriage encouragement.
One is a non-believer, one an immature believer, and one a growing Christian.
Why must you approach their marriage problem differently? How would you
approach the non-believer? What if you were not sure he or she was a Christian?
Would you assume they were? Why is this so vital in Christian counseling?
10- What was Pharaoh's response to
God's request? How did the children of Israel respond? Who did they take it out
on? Find a modern-day parallel.
11- Consider Moses' argument with God
in verses 22 and 23. How patient God is. Have you ever said that to God? What
was your problem?
12- Moses was learning to be a leader.
What qualities did he lack at this point? How was God going to save His people with
this kind of leadership? Why didn't He give up and start over with someone
else? Aren't you glad?